Workplace Health Management (WHM)
There are four essential elements of workplace health direction:
Social and lifestyle determinants of healthEnvironmental Health ManagementIn the past policy was frequently driven solely by compliance with laws. In the new approach to workplace health management, policy development is driven by both legislative requirements and by health objectives set on a voluntary basis by the working community within each industry. In order to be successful Workplace Health Management must be based on expertise, knowledge and practice accumulated in three disciplines: workplace health promotion, occupational health and environmental health. It is necessary to find WHM as a process not only for health gain and constant improvement within the business, but also as framework for engagement between various agencies locally. url
The Healthy Workplace setting – a basis of the Community Action Plan.
The Luxembourg Declaration of the European Union Network for Workplace Health Promotion defined WHP as the combined effort of companies, employees and society to improve the health and well being of people at workThis can be realized through a combination of:Enhancing the working environment and the work organizationEncouraging active participation of workers in well-being activitiesEncouraging private developmentWorkplace health promotion is seen in the EU network Luxembourg Declaration as a modern corporate strategy which aims at preventing ill health on the job and enhancing health boosting potential and well-being in the work force. Documented benefits for workplace plans comprise decreased absenteeism, reduced cardiovascular risk, reduced health care claims, decreased staff turnover, decreased musculoskeletal injuries, increased productivity, increased organizational effectiveness and the potential of a return on investment (Mossinik, Licher1998 – Oxenburgh 1991).
Nevertheless, several improvements require the continual participation of employers, workers and society in the actions required to make a difference. This is attained through the empowerment of workers empowering them to make choices about their own health. In the past occupational health services are involved in the assessment of fitness to work and in assessing degrees of incapacity for insurance functions for many years.
Some innovative work-related health services have, in the working population that was otherwise healthy, developed the concept of preserving working skill. In some cases these efforts have been developed in response to the growing challenge caused by the aging workforce and the ever-rising cost of social security. OHA’s have frequently been at the vanguard of these developments.
OHA’s, with their close contact with workers, sometimes over many years, are in an excellent position to plan, deliver and assess health promotion and maintenance of work ability interventions at the workplace.
As companies and workers understand the respective benefits health promotion at work has grown in value over the last decade. Working people spend about half of their non-sleeping day on the job and this provides an ideal chance for companies to create healthy working environments and for workers receive and to share various health messages. The range of health promotion is dependent upon the demands of each group.
Some of the most common health promotion actions are smoking reducing activities, healthful nourishment or physical exercise programs, prevention and abatement of substance and alcohol abuse. manuskinactivedk.info
Nevertheless, health promotion may also be directed towards other cultural, societal and environmental health determinants, if the people within the company consider that these variables are important for the improvement of their health, wellbeing and quality of life. In this instance variables such as improving motivation, work organization, reducing burnout and anxiety, introducing flexible working hours, personal development strategies and livelihood augmentation may also help to contribute to overall well-being and wellbeing of the community that is working.
The Healthy Community setting along with occupational health and workplace health promotion there’s also another significant aspect to Workplace Health Management. It really is associated with the impact that each company might have on the surrounding ambient environment, and through products or pollutants or services supplied to others, its impact on distant environments. Recall how far the effects of the Chernobyl Atomic accident in 1986 changed entire neighbouring nations. masamuscular.info
Although the environmental health impact of companies is controlled by distinct legislation to that which applies to Health and Safety at work, there is a powerful relationship between safeguarding the working environment, improving work organization and working culture within the firm, and its strategy to environmental well-being direction.
Many top firms already combine environmental health direction and safety and work-related health to avoid duplication of effort and to use the available human resources within the company. Occupational health nurses can make a contribution towards environmental health management, particularly in those firms that do not use environmental health specialists.
Coming up. Key measures in developing New Workplace Wellness Policies